African Female Migrants Earn Way More Than Their Male Counterparts in Europe

A report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) titled Scaling Fences: Voices of Irregular African Migrants to Europe referenced 1,970 migrants from 39 African countries in 13 European nations, including Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, Guinea, and Ivory Coast, showed the gender wage gap for migrants in Europe.

African Female Migrants Earn Way More Than Their Male Counterparts in Europe

In Africa, the women surveyed earned 26 percent less than men. Whereas, the African women interviewed who were living in 13 European nations, including Germany, Spain, Italy, Belgium and France earn on average 11 percent more than African men after migrating to Europe. A higher proportion of women were also sending money back, even among those not working.

According to the study, 58 percent of those surveyed were either employed or in school at the time of their departure, and a majority with jobs earning competitive wages. Despite their previous employed status, about 50 percent said they were not earning enough. For two-thirds, earning or the prospect of earning in their home countries did not stop them from seeking greener pastures in a foreign land.

“Scaling Fences highlights that migration is a reverberation of development progress across Africa, albeit progress that is uneven and not fast enough to meet people’s aspirations. Barriers to opportunity, or ‘choicelessness’, emerge from this study as critical factors informing the calculation of these young people,” said Achim Steiner, UNDP administrator.

The population of migrants from Africa crossing the Mediterranean Sea yearly is alarming. In data on immigrants across the Mediterranean, the number of migrant death is categorised according to regions. Between January- August this year, the population from unknown regions stood at 1,217, mixed 595, Sub-Saharan Africa 581, Horn of Africa 14, Middle East/ South Asia 14 and North Africa 1, totalling 2,410; a drop compared to last year’s total population of 5,143 as population from unknown regions stood at 379, mixed 3,174, Sub-Saharan Africa 935, Horn of Africa 30, Middle East 397 and North Africa 228.

The risk of migrating through the Mediterranean comes at a very high cost which is largely dependent on the boat capacity, size, difficulties to be encountered and the distance to be covered. Migrants from Africa pay as much as £1000 while smugglers operating from Africa to Europe alone earn about $150m annually as confirmed by the United Nations Office On Drug and Crime ( UNODC). Bangladeshi migrants pay between $8,000 and $9,000 just to get to Libya and an additional $700 for an uncertain passage across the Mediterranean to Italy. This amount differs in regions.

Gender differences were also apparent in experiences with crime, with a slightly higher proportion of women falling victim than men. These women also experienced sexual assault. About 93 percent of those interviewed experienced danger on their way, meanwhile two percent said greater awareness of the risks would have caused them to stay home.

In a Robert A. Burton article titled “like the chemical process of osmosis, migration is unstoppable,” he noted that the present immigration crisis could have been predicted long ago (and, perhaps, better addressed) by acknowledging that, in addition to incendiary socioeconomic disparities, future population shifts will be fuelled by two accelerating trends: the asymmetrically greater birth rate in less affluent regions of the world, and the impending migration away from areas most affected by climate change.

Uzonna Anele
Anele is a web developer and a Pan-Africanist who believes bad leadership is the only thing keeping Africa from taking its rightful place in the modern world.

Leave a Reply

Subscribe to receive email updates

With a subscription profile, you automatically receive updates without having to return to the website and check for changes

Just In

The Virginia Killing Act of 1669: the Law That Made It Legal to Kill a Slave

The Virginia casual killing act of 1669 declared that, should a slave be killed as a result of extreme punishment, the master should not face charges for the murder.

The Creation Story of the Akamba People of Kenya

In the beginning, Mulungu the creator is said to have formed a man and a woman in heaven before placing them on a rock in on earth, where it is said that their footprints, as well as the footprints of their animals, can still be seen today.

Bussa’s Rebellion of 1816, the Largest Slave Revolt in Barbadian History

The largest slave rebellion in Barbadian history took place during the Bussa uprising in April 1816. The rebellion takes its name from the African-born...

Top 10 Longest Serving Presidents in Africa, 2022

Equatorial Guinea's president Teodoro Obiang is the longest serving president in Africa and the world. He is closely followed by Cameroons President Paul Biya.

Cornelius Frederiks: the Namibian Captain Who Was Locked Up in a Concentration Camp for Fighting Against German Colonialists

Cornelius Frederiks was a Namibian freedom fighter who actively fought a guerrilla-style war against German colonialists during the Herero-Nama war of 1904.

More Articles Like This