Former US President Ronald Reagan described African delegates at the UN as “monkeys” in 1971 when he was governor of California in newly released tapes published by The Atlantic.
He made the racist comment on the telephone to then-President Richard Nixon, who infamously recorded all his calls.
The governor was angered that African delegates at the UN had sided against the US in a vote to recognise China and expel Taiwan.
After the vote, members of the Tanzanian delegation had started dancing in the UN General Assembly.
When Mr Reagan called up Mr Nixon the next day, he asked if he had watched the vote on television.
He then goes on to say:
To see those, those monkeys from those African countries – damn them, they’re still uncomfortable wearing shoes!”
This then prompts Mr Nixon to laugh.
The recording was unearthed by Tim Naftali, a clinical associate professor of history at New York University, who had directed the Nixon Presidential Library, which kept all Mr Nixon’s tapes, from 2007 until 2011.
In his piece in The Atlantic, Naftali explains that the racist exchange was removed from the conversation when it was released in 2000 by the National Archives for privacy reasons – Mr Reagan was still alive at the time.
Naftali says following a court order the recordings were ordered to be reviewed: “Reagan’s death, in 2004, eliminated the privacy concerns. Last year, as a researcher, I requested that the conversations involving Ronald Reagan be re-reviewed, and two weeks ago, the National Archives released complete versions of the October 1971 conversations involving Reagan online.”
According to Naftali, Mr Reagan had called Mr Nixon to press him to withdraw from the UN, but in the president’s telling he says Mr Reagan’s “complaints about Africans became the primary purpose of the call”.
In one retelling of the conversation to his secretary of state Mr Nixon says: “He saw these… these cannibals on television last night, and he says, ‘Christ, they weren’t even wearing shoes, and here the United States is going to submit its fate to that,’ and so forth and so on.”
Naftali says the recording sheds new light on Mr Reagan’s defence of the apartheid states of Rhodesia and South Africa later in the 1970s.