colonial crimes

The Volta-Bani War of 1915: French West Africans’ Rebellion Against French Military Conscription During World War I

The Volta-Bani War was a major yet obscure anti-colonial rebellion which took place in French West Africa, in the areas of modern Burkina Faso and Mali between 1915 and 1917. This conflict emerged as indigenous African forces, uniting various...

Mandume: The African King Who Led an Uprising Against Portuguese Colonial Rule in 1914

Mandume ya Ndemufayo was the last king of the Oukwanyama people, a subgroup of the Ovambo ethnic group in southern Angola and northern Namibia. He is known for leading an uprising against Portuguese colonial rule during World War I.

Titina Silá: The Freedom Fighter Murdered by Portugal for Championing Guinea Bissau’s Liberation

Titina Silá was born into a world shaped by colonial rule, where the people of Guinea-Bissau were subjected to the exploitative practices of Portuguese imperialism. The oppressive environment she grew up in later became a catalyst for her activism....

King Gbudue: The African Leader Killed by the British for Opposing Colonization in 1905

King Gbudue was a royal Azande leader and arguably the most prominent person in the recent history of the Azande people.

Sir Harry Rawson: The British Officer Behind the 1897 Benin Expedition and the Plundering of Priceless Benin Bronzes

Admiral Sir Harry Rawson was a renowned British naval officer who became famous for leading the 1897 Benin Expedition, which ended in the capture and sacking of Benin City, the eventual fall of the Benin Kingdom, and its incorporation into colonial Nigeria.

Askari: The Indigenous Soldiers of European Colonial Armies in Africa

Askaris were soldiers recruited from local populations in Africa to fight for European colonial powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Force Publique, the Brutal Army Used by Belgian King Leopold II to Commit His Crimes in Congo

King Leopold's Force Publique had one major purpose and that was to enforce the rubber quotas and other forms of forced labour on the people of congo.

Antonianism: The Catholic Movement That Portrayed Jesus as a Black Man

The Antonianism Christian movement taught that Jesus and other early Christian figures were from the Kongo Empire and that heaven is for Africans alone.

The Heroro-Nama Genocide: Germany’s Brutal Genocide in Namibia in the early 20th Century

The Herero and Namaqua Genocide is considered to have been the first genocide of the 20th century. It took place between 1904 and 1907 in German South-West Africa(modern day Namibia), during the Herero Wars.
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Chief Kapeni: The African Leader Whose Trust in the British Led to His Downfall and the Subjugation of His People

Chief Kapeni was a prominent African chief who, in the 1800s, made a decision that would eventually lead to...