Top 20 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa, 2024

The most dangerous countries in Africa are South Sudan, DR Congo, Somalia, Central Africa Republic and Sudan.

Top 20 Most Dangerous countries in Africa, 2024

Top 10 Most Peaceful - and Most Dangerous - Countries in Africa, 2021

 

1. South Sudan

Regrettably, South Sudan tops the list of the most dangerous countries in Africa. The nation has been marred by ongoing conflicts, ethnic violence, and political instability since gaining independence in 2011. The volatile security situation, coupled with high levels of poverty and limited access to basic services, has resulted in a challenging environment for the population, posing significant risks to personal safety.

2. Democratic Republic of the Congo (D.R. Congo)

D.R. Congo has faced protracted conflicts, with numerous armed groups operating within its borders. The country’s vast mineral wealth has fueled violence and instability, leading to widespread displacement and human rights abuses. Ongoing conflicts, coupled with weak governance and a struggling economy, contribute to its dangerous environment.

3. Somalia

Somalia has long been plagued by civil war, terrorism, and piracy, making it one of the most dangerous countries in Africa. The absence of an effective central government and the presence of extremist groups such as Al-Shabaab create a highly unstable security situation. Widespread poverty and lack of basic services further exacerbate the risks faced by the population.

Top 10 Most Peaceful - and Most Dangerous - Countries in Africa, 2021

4. Sudan

Sudan has faced various challenges, including internal conflicts and political instability. The country has experienced civil wars, particularly in regions like Darfur and South Kordofan, resulting in significant loss of life and displacement of people. The presence of armed groups, intercommunal violence, and limited access to essential services contribute to its overall dangerous situation. Sudan is teh fifth most dangerous country in Africa.

5. Mali

Mali has experienced a combination of armed conflict, terrorism, and intercommunal violence in recent years. The presence of extremist groups, such as Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and affiliated militias, has created a highly volatile security environment. The ongoing instability, coupled with a weak central government and socioeconomic challenges, contributes to Mali’s dangerous status.

6. Central African Republic (CAR)

The Central African Republic has experienced recurring cycles of violence and conflict between armed groups, resulting in a grave humanitarian crisis. The weak state institutions, sectarian tensions, and high levels of criminality contribute to its dangerous environment. Civilians often find themselves caught in the crossfire, leading to widespread displacement and human rights abuses.

7. Ethiopia

Ethiopia, a country historically known for its stability, has witnessed a surge in violence and conflicts in various regions. Ethnic tensions, political disputes, and territorial conflicts have led to widespread unrest and displacement of people. The armed conflict in the Tigray region and intercommunal clashes in other areas have intensified the risks faced by the population, making Ethiopia a dangerous country in Africa.

8. Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso has experienced a rapid escalation in violence and terrorism in recent years. The country faces attacks from jihadist groups affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State. The deteriorating security situation, coupled with socioeconomic challenges and intercommunal tensions, has resulted in widespread displacement and a heightened sense of insecurity among the population.

9. Nigeria

Nigeria faces significant security challenges, including the insurgency by Boko Haram in the northeastern part of the country. The group’s attacks, kidnappings, and bombings have resulted in the loss of countless lives and displacement of people. Additionally, intercommunal clashes, armed banditry, and high levels of criminality contribute to Nigeria’s status as one of the most dangerous countries in Africa.

10. Chad

Chad, situated in the heart of Africa, grapples with persistent challenges that have earned it a reputation as one of the most dangerous countries in Africa. Struggling with internal conflicts, regional instability, and economic hardship, Chad faces multifaceted threats to peace and security. The prevalence of armed insurgencies, ethnic tensions, and political instability exacerbates the country’s precarious situation, leading to widespread violence, displacement, and humanitarian crises. Despite efforts by the government and the international community to address these issues, Chad continues to confront complex security threats that undermine stability and hinder socio-economic development.

Rank Country
1 South Sudan
2 D.R Congo
3 Somalia
4 Sudan
5 Mali
6 Central African Rep
7 Ethiopia
8 Burkina Faso
9 Nigeria
10 Chad
11 Cameroon
12 Niger
13 Libya
14 Eritrea
15 South Africa
16 Burundi
17 Guinea
18 Uganda
19 Zimbabwe
20 Egypt

Sub-Saharan Africa

According to the study, sub-Saharan Africa recorded a slight fall in peacefulness in the 2022 GPI, with the average country score deteriorating by 0.022 points, or one per cent. Of the 44 countries in the region, 21 improved in score, while 22 deteriorated and one remained unchanged. The region is less peaceful than the global average on the Safety and Security and Ongoing Conflict domains, but more peaceful than the global average on the Militarisation domain. Five coups as well as disputes over election results and allegations of corruption led to a rise in civil unrest and political instability across the region, resulting in an average deterioration across the region in the political terror indicator of 6.9 per cent.

 

The most peaceful country in the region is Mauritius, which is ranked 23 in the 2023 GPI. The country recorded a slight improvement of 1.3 per cent in its GPI score. Mauritius also improved in terms of its UN peacekeeping funding by 15.3 per cent.

South Sudan remains the least peaceful country in the region and one of the least peaceful countries in the world, despite an improvement in peacefulness in the 2023 GPI.

The largest deterioration in peacefulness in the region occurred in Mali. This was also the fourth largest deterioration of any country on the 2023 GPI. The 5.6 per cent deterioration in its overall score was driven by an increase in the intensity of internal conflict

North Africa

Sudan is the least peaceful country in Northern Africa. The country experienced a deterioration across all domains apart from Militarisation, which improved slightly by 0.04 per cent.

Morocco and Tunisia remains the most peaceful country in the Northern Africa region and are the only North African countries to be amongst the 20 most peaceful countries in Africa.

Top 20 Most peaceful countries in Africa, 2024

1. Mauritius

According to the report, Mauritius is the most peaceful country in Africa. Known for its pristine beaches and breathtaking landscapes, Mauritius not only captivates visitors with its natural beauty but also stands as a shining example of peace and stability in Africa. With a well-functioning democracy, political stability, and a high standard of living, Mauritius has managed to cultivate a society characterized by harmony and unity among its multicultural population.

2. Botswana

Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, is the fourth most peaceful country in Africa. The country shines as one of the most peaceful nations on the continent. Known for its low crime rates and efficient governance, Botswana has managed to maintain a stable and peaceful society for decades. The country’s commitment to wildlife conservation and sustainable development further reflects its dedication to peace and environmental harmony.

3. Sierra Leone

Despite its troubled past marred by civil war, Sierra Leone has made remarkable progress in terms of peace and stability. Through a process of national reconciliation and international support, the country has managed to rebuild and heal wounds. Today, Sierra Leone is recognized for its commitment to peacebuilding, promoting social cohesion, and fostering economic development and is the fifth most peaceful country in africa.

4. Ghana

Ghana, often hailed as the gateway to West Africa, is the second most peaceful country in Africa. The country boasts a long-standing tradition of peaceful transitions of power and a commitment to democratic values. It has a vibrant civil society, strong institutions, and a robust legal framework, all of which contribute to its peaceful atmosphere. The country’s rich cultural heritage and friendly people further enhance its reputation as a peaceful nation.

5. Senegal

Located on the westernmost tip of Africa, Senegal is renowned for its vibrant cultural heritage and peaceful atmosphere. The country has a long-standing tradition of democracy and has experienced peaceful transitions of power. Senegal’s commitment to social cohesion, religious tolerance, and its thriving arts and music scene make it a beacon of peace in the region.

6. Madagascar

Madagascar, the enchanting island nation in the Indian Ocean, stands as a testament to resilience and perseverance amidst adversity. Despite facing political instability and economic challenges, Madagascar has remained steadfast in its pursuit of peace and progress. With a rich tapestry of cultures and a diverse natural landscape, Madagascar harnesses its strengths to promote social cohesion, sustainable development, and environmental conservation. Through initiatives aimed at fostering dialogue, reconciliation, and inclusive governance, Madagascar exemplifies the transformative power of peacebuilding efforts in overcoming obstacles and forging a path towards a peaceful and prosperous future.

7. Namibia

With its vast deserts, stunning landscapes, and diverse wildlife, Namibia stands as a peaceful haven in Southern Africa. The country’s commitment to conservation and sustainable development is reflected in its peaceful and harmonious society. Namibia’s well-established rule of law and peaceful democratic processes contribute to its overall stability. The country is ranked the ninth most peaceful country in Africa.

8. The Gambia

Nestled along the beautiful shores of the Atlantic Ocean, The Gambia has made remarkable strides towards peace and stability in recent years. The country successfully underwent a peaceful transition of power in 2017, signaling a new era of democratic governance. The Gambia’s commitment to truth and reconciliation, coupled with its welcoming and warm-hearted population, creates an environment conducive to peace.

9. Zambia

Located in the heart of Southern Africa, Zambia is celebrated for its peaceful political environment and its stunning natural landscapes. The country’s peaceful transitions of power and strong democratic institutions have contributed to its overall stability. Zambia’s rich cultural heritage, friendly people, and diverse wildlife make it a peaceful destination for travelers and a haven for its citizens.

10. Liberia

Liberia, nestled on the coast of West Africa, has undergone a remarkable transformation on its path to peace and stability. Emerging from years of devastating civil conflict, Liberia has embarked on a journey of reconciliation, reconstruction, and nation-building. Through the diligent efforts of its people and the support of the international community, Liberia has made significant strides in consolidating peace, fostering democratic governance, and promoting socio-economic development. Despite enduring challenges, Liberia’s commitment to peacebuilding and its determination to overcome past divisions continue to inspire hope for a brighter future.

Top 20 Most Peaceful Countries in Africa, 2024

Rank Country
1 Mauritius
2 Botswana
3 Sierra Leone
4 Ghana
5 Senegal
6 Madagascar
7 Namibia
8 The Gambia
9 Zambia
10 Liberia
11 Malawi
12 Tunisia
13 Equatorial Guinea
14 Angola
15 Morocco
16 Guinea Bissau
17 Rwanda
18 Côte d’Ivoire
19 Tanzania
20 Gabon

 

Global Peace Index (GPI) is a report produced by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP) which measures the relative position of nations’ and regions’ peacefulness. The GPI ranks 163 independent states and territories (collectively accounting for 99.7 per cent of the world’s population) according to their levels of peacefulness. In the past decade, the GPI has presented trends of increased global violence and less peacefulness.

Source: Global Peace Index 2023

Modified on March, 2024

Uzonna Anele
Uzonna Anele
Anele is a web developer and a Pan-Africanist who believes bad leadership is the only thing keeping Africa from taking its rightful place in the modern world.

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