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Top 20 Most (and Least) Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2022

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According to Transparency International, South Sudan is the most corrupt country in Africa, while Seychelles is the least corrupt country in Africa.

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

The latest Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries on a rating scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (Highly clean) in the world.
Seychelles, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Rwanda, Namibia and Mauritius are among the most transparent nations in Africa. While South Sudan, Somalia, Libya, Equatorial Guinea and D.R Congo are the top 5 most corrupt nations in Africa.

The latest corruption perceptions index ranks countries on a rating scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (Highly clean) in the world.

Most corrupt countries in Africa 2022

 

With a score of 70, the Seychelles is the least corrupt country in Africa, followed by Cabo Verde (58), Botswana (55), Mauritius (54) and Rwanda (53). At the bottom of the index are South Sudan (11), Somalia (13), Libya (17), Equatorial Guinea (17) and Democratic Republic of Congo (19).

With an average score of 33, Sub-Saharan Africa is the lowest performing region on the CPI, showing little improvement from previous years and underscoring a need for urgent action.

According to Transparency International, armed conflict, violent transitions of power and increasing terrorist threats combined with poor enforcement of anti-corruption commitments rob citizens of Sub-Saharan Africa of their basic rights and services.

Since 2012, several countries, including Congo, Libya, Madagascar (24) and Malawi  have significantly declined on the CPI.

Angola (29, up 7 points since 2012) marks a significant improvement on the CPI following the election of President João Lourenço in 2017, who has taken steps to crack down on corruption. Authorities have pursued high-profile corruption investigations into the former ruling family. Among them was Isabel dos Santos, the former president’s daughter and ex-chief of the state oil company Sonangol.

This latest CPI shows that 80 per cent of countries In Africa have stagnated in the last 10 years.

“One of the biggest threats to progress is grand corruption – systemic corruption involving high-level public officials and vast sums of money, often accompanied by gross human rights violations. And yet impunity has been the norm, rather than the exception” – TI

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2022

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

1. South Sudan

South Sudan is the most corrupt country in Africa.

According to the index, bribery is widespread in all sectors of the economy and close relations between the government and businesses are a crucial factor in succeeding in business. The country’s judicial system is inefficient and is also plagued by corruption and a culture of impunity.

2. Somalia

Somalia is the second most corrupt country in Africa and the most corrupt country in East Africa. Insecurity is also a major issue; Corrupt government officials tolerate illegal activities in return for bribes. Dysfunctional institutions facilitate an environment of lawlessness, and the absence of any form of regulatory framework hinders prospects of economic competitiveness.

Somalia’s Provisional Constitution criminalizes several forms of corruption (including abuse of office, embezzlement and bribery); however, implementation is non-existent.

3. Libya

Corruption presents a significant obstacle for companies doing business in Libya. All sectors in the Libyan economy suffer from widespread corruption; however, the public procurement sector and the oil industry are among the most affected. Bribery and favoritism are common practice in all sectors, and companies may struggle with unfair competition from state-owned businesses, which also dominate the local market. Corruption was rampant under Gaddafi’s rule, and the situation has only worsened in the post-revolution period.

4. Equatorial Guinea

According to Transparency International, the control of corruption in Equatorial Guinea is among the lowest 1% in the world, with citizens of the country believing that many public authorities perform for personal gain. The country is the fourth most corrupt country in Africa.

5. DR Congo

A range of factors contribute to the DRC’s high corruption levels. Weak democracy allows corrupt politicians to maintain power, while ineffective institutions give opportunities for corruption rather than preventing it. People who expose or oppose corrupt systems are suppressed.

The country also has low levels of stateness, a key tool that undemocratic regimes can use against corruption: also, the government doesn’t control its own army, competes for local power with many militias and has little control of movement through its eastern borders.

6. Burundi

Despite the establishment of anti-corruption agencies, Burundi is facing a deepening corruption crisis that jeopardizes prospects for lasting peace and stability. The country was ranked 169 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the 6th most corrupt country in Africa.

7. Sudan

Corruption exists in every sector of Sudan’s economy and in every level of the Sudanese government. It takes the form of “financial and political corruption, nepotism, and misuse of power”. The country is the 7th most corrupt country in Africa.

8. Comoros

Comoros is the 164 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the eighth most corrupt country in according to the 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

9. Chad

Corruption in Chad pervades all levels of the economy and is perpetuated by a weak rule of law and a lack of security.

Key anti-corruption legislation includes the anti-corruption law, which criminalizes active and passive bribery and stipulates harsh penalties. However, enforcement is poor, and prosecutions usually target political opponents of the government.

Chad is the 164th least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the 9th most corrupt in Africa according to the latest Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International.

10. Guinea Bissau

Guinea Bissau is the 172 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, the seventh most corrupt country in Africa and the most corrupt country in West Africa according to the 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

11. Congo

Congo is the 162 least corrupt nation out of 180 countries, and the  eleventh most corrupt country in Africa according to the 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.

Top 30 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020


Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2022


Rank Country
1 South Sudan
2 Somalia
3 Libya
4 Equatorial Guinea
5 D.R Congo
6 Burundi
7 Sudan
8 Comoros
9 Chad
10 Guinea Bissau
11 Congo
12 Eritrea
13 Zimbabwe
14 Central Africa Rep.
15 Nigeria
16 Guinea
17 Mozambique
18 Madagascar
19 Uganda
20 Cameroon

Top 30 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2022

The countries below are the least corrupt countries in Africa, 2022

Top 10 Most corrupt countries in Africa 2022


Rank Country
1 Seychelles
2 Cabo Verde
3 Botswana
4 Mauritius
5 Rwanda
6 Namibia
7

São Tomé and Príncipe

8 South Africa
9 Tunisia
10 Ghana
11 Senegal
12 Benin
13 Burkina Faso
14 Ethiopia
15 Morocco
16 Tanzania
17 Lesotho
18 Gambia
19 Cote d’Ivoire
20 Malawi
21 Sierra Leone
22 Egypt
23 Zambia
24 Algeria
25 Eswatini
26 Gabon
27 Niger
28 Djibouti
29 Togo
30 Kenya

To reduce corruption and restore trust in politics, Transparency International recommends that governments:

– Reinforce checks and balances and promote separation of powers.

– Tackle preferential treatment to ensure budgets and public services aren’t driven by personal connections or biased towards special interests;

– Control political financing to prevent excessive money and influence in politics;

– Manage conflicts of interest and address “revolving doors”;

– Regulate lobbying activities by promoting open and meaningful access to decision-making;

– Strengthen electoral integrity and prevent and sanction misinformation campaigns;

– Empower citizens and protect activists, whistleblowers and journalists.

Methodology

Corruption Perception index offers an annual snapshot of the relative degree of corruption by ranking countries and territories from all over the globe. In 2012, Transparency International revised the methodology used to construct the index to allow for comparison of scores from one year to the next. The 2021 CPI draws on surveys and expert assessments to measure public sector corruption in 180 countries and territories, giving each a score from zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).

The Index aggregates data from a number of different sources that provide perceptions by business people and country experts of the level of corruption in the public sector.

Top 20 Most Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

According to another index, (TRACE 2020 Bribery Risk Matrix), These 10 African countries have a very low bribery index

The anti-bribery standard-setting organization TRACE has released this year’s Bribery Risk Matrix, which measures business bribery risk in 194 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions.

According to the 2020 data, North Korea, Turkmenistan, South Sudan, Venezuela and Eritrea present the highest commercial bribery risk, while Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden and New Zealand present the lowest.

The score is based on four factors: business interactions with government, anti-bribery deterrence and enforcement, government and civil service transparency, and capacity for civil society oversight, including the role of the media.

Each country is given a score from 1 to 100 for each domain and the total bribery risk. A higher score indicates a higher risk of business bribery. Assessments of whether a given domain score is “good” or “poor” are made relative to all other jurisdictions within that domain.

Countries that have the least possibility of public officials asking for bribes

Below are the ten African countries that have the least possibility of public officials asking for bribes.

top 20 most corrupt countries in Africa 2021

1. Mauritius

Mauritius ranked 44 globally with an overall score of 35 (essentially ranking first in Africa). On the parameter used to measure the risk of bribery, it ranked 34 on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 38 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 42 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Mauritius receives a good score of 28 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

2. Botswana

Botswana was ranked 53 (and second in Africa) with an overall score of 39.

On Business Interactions with Government, the East African country scored 43 based on a medium degree of government interaction, a low expectation of bribes, and a medium regulatory burden.

However, it scored 29 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on the high quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

Botswana received a medium score of 49 Government and Civil Service Transparency. It was based on medium governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

On building the Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, Botswana received a good score of 28 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

3. Tunisia

Tunisia ranked 55 (and third in Africa) with an overall risk score of 40. On Business Interactions with Government, the North African country scored 42 based on a medium degree of government interaction, a low expectation of bribes, and a medium regulatory burden.

However, it scored 50 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on high quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

Tunisia received a medium score of 46 Government and Civil Service Transparency. It was based on medium governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

On building the Capacity for Civil Society Oversight Botswana received a good score of 24 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

Top 10 Least Corrupt Countries in Africa, 2020

4. Namibia

Namibia’s overall position was 58 (and fourth in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 41. It ranked 44 on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 51 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 43 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Namibia received a good score of 27 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

5. South Africa

South Africa Overall ranked 61 (and fifth in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 41. On the factors used to assess the countries, it scored 51 Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

South Africa received a medium score of 60 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement, based on low quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and medium quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, South Africa received a good score of 29, based on good governmental transparency and good transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. South Africa received a good score of 24 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

6. Cape verde

Cape verde’s overall position was 63 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 40. It ranked 38th on Business Interactions with Government due to a low degree of government interaction, a medium expectation of bribes, and a low regulatory burden.

It scored 42 on Anti­bribery Deterrence and Enforcement based on a medium quality of anti­bribery dissuasion and a high quality of anti­bribery enforcement.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

It, however, received a good score on Capacity for Civil Society Oversight. Namibia received a good score of 36 in this domain, based on a medium degree of media freedom/quality and a high degree of civil society engagement.

7. Seychelles

Seychelles’s overall position was 42 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 43.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 43 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

8. Senegal

Cape verde’s overall position was 43 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 46.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

9. Ghana

Ghana overall position was 44 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 52.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 50 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

10. Rwanda

Rwanda overall position was 47 (and 6th in Africa) with a bribery risk score of 34.

On Government and Civil Service Transparency, it scored 51 because of medium governmental transparency and medium transparency of financial interests.

Methodology

The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix (TRACE Matrix) measures business bribery risk in 194 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions. The overall country risk score is a combined and weighted score of four domains: Business Interactions with Government; Anti-Bribery Deterrence and Enforcement; Government and Civil Service Transparency; and Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media. The domain scores are derived from nine subdomains. The TRACE Matrix was originally developed in 2014 in collaboration with RAND Corporation. It is updated annually by TRACE.

About Trace

TRACE is a globally recognized business association dedicated to anti-bribery, compliance and good governance and leading provider of shared-cost third party risk management solutions. Members and clients include over 500 multinational companies located worldwide. TRACE is headquartered in the United States and registered in Canada, with a presence on five continents. For more information.

Uzonna Anele
Anele is a web developer and a Pan-Africanist who believes bad leadership is the only thing keeping Africa from taking its rightful place in the modern world.

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